Sun protection: the importance, methods and choice of sunscreen

The sun is a source of heat, light and energy, giving us a tan, but its rays can also harm our skin. That's why it's important to take steps to protect ourselves from the sun, especially during periods of increased sun exposure (UV index). In this article, we will look at why sun protection is necessary, the different ways of protection and how to choose the right sunscreen.

Sunny day on the beach

Why do you need to protect yourself from the sun?

  1. Prevent sunburns: Sunburns not only cause discomfort and pain, but also increase the risk of developing skin cancer;
  2. Protect against premature aging: The sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays are a major cause of premature skin aging, such as wrinkles, loss of elasticity and pigmentation;
  3. Skin cancer prevention: Increased exposure to the sun's UV rays has been linked to an increased risk of developing various types of skin cancer;
  4. Eye Health: Sunlight exposure can damage the eyes and contribute to cataracts and other vision problems.

What are some ways to protect yourself from the sun?

  1. Avoid sun exposure during times of highest intensity: Avoid being out in the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the rays are most intense;
  2. Wear protective clothing: Prefer light and tight clothing, wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses to protect your skin and eyes from direct sunlight exposure;
  3. Use sunscreen: Sunscreen is essential for protection.


Now let's understand a little bit about how exactly the sun's rays work. Ultraviolet radiation is divided into these two main forms:

  • UVA rays: penetrate deep into the skin and cause skin aging. They can penetrate through clouds and windows, so skin is exposed to UVA even on cloudy days. Long-term exposure to UVA rays can lead to wrinkles, pigmentation and loss of skin elasticity. UVA rays are also considered a major cause of skin cancer;
  • UVB rays: have higher energy than UVA rays and they penetrate into the upper layers of the skin. They are the main cause of sunburn and are directly linked to the development of skin cancer. Increased exposure to UVB rays can also lead to pigmentation and premature skin aging.

Girl wearing sunglasses on a sunny day.

Some tips for choosing sunscreen.

  • SPF (sun protection factor): Choose a sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher for long-lasting protection. This index indicates the effectiveness of skin protection, respectively a high SPF prevents sunburn and other skin damage;
  • A broad spectrum of protection: There are two kinds of ultraviolet radiation (UVA). UVA Make sure the cream provides protection from both UVA and UVB rays, the package should carry the words "wide spectrum" or "UVA/UVB protection;
  • Water-resistant: Choose a waterproof sunscreen if you plan to swim or exercise;
  • Texture and ease of use: Choose a cream with a texture that suits your skin type and is comfortable to use. Some people prefer light lotions, others prefer creams or sprays;
  • Ingredients: Consider additional ingredients, such as antioxidants or moisturizers, depending on your skin's needs.

Bonus: a selection of sunscreens 2023

  1. Frudia Green Grape Sebum Control Cooling Sun Gel;
  2. EAU Thermale Avene B-Protect;
  3. Clarins Crème Solaire Toucher Sec Visage;
  4. d'Alba Waterful Essence Sun Cream;
  5. LA ROCHE-POSAY anthelios.


Remember to regularly apply sunscreen 20-30 minutes before sun exposure and renew it every two hours or after swimming.


Sun protection is an essential part of healthy skin care. Don't neglect it and enjoy the sun with confidence while taking care of your skin health and beauty.

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